The Northern Fulmar’s first known breeding in Icelandic territory was in Grimsey, an island north of Iceland, in the beginning of the 19th century. Since then they have spread over the whole country, first in ocean cliffs and now they have started breeding in mountains and cliffs, even 70 km inland. Despite this they get all their food in the ocean.
They look for breeding places as early as February and start laying eggs in March. To protect their eggs and chicks they throw up foul smelling bile.
This photo is taken in Látrabjarg, Westfjords, Iceland, 2011.